Password protection via .htaccess and .htpasswd
It is possible to password protect an entire directory hierarchy, individual files or a group of files matching a pattern. This prevents additional protection against unauthorised access for example to admin areas.
Adding password protection to a directory
When you add password protection to a directory, you provide a name for the directory that will appear in a popup in users' web browsers when they are prompted for a username and password. Then you create users and passwords to specify who can access the directory. When you protect a directory with a password, all directories beneath it are automatically protected as well, although it is possible to Exclude a sub-folder from password protection